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Caracalla Baths in Rome

Caracalla Baths in Rome

The Caracalla Baths are one of the largest and most charming groups of monuments in Rome. They are also known as the Antoniane Baths, referring to the name of the Antoniana Dynasty to which the emperor Caracalla belonged. These monumental archaeological structures at the foot of the Aventine Hill, give an idea of the great extension that they reached in the second century A.D. Before you visit the baths, let's take a look at the history, a description, and some directions on how to get there.

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Caracalla Baths: Historic Features
The Caracalla Baths were built between 212 and 217 A.D. on Caracalla’s, the son of the emperor Septimius Severus, order. Caracalla was emperor until his death in 217 A.D., so the monumental structure served to symbolize the glory of the Emperor's family line. After restorations carried out by Aurelian, the baths stopped working in 537, after the destruction of the hydraulic works that fed the baths due to the Ostrogoths led by Witiges.

Caracalla Baths: Description
The system of the Caracalla Baths follows the structure established in the II century by the Empire for buildings destined to this function. The bath complex consists of an enormous central building about 220 meters long and 114 meters wide, surrounded by gardens in a wide rectangular enclosed area, built by the architects Elagabalus and Alexander Severus. The enormous dimensions of the complex allowed for a capacity of some 1,700 people. The rooms inside were organized in a symmetric way. In the middle there was the basilica, surmounted by cross-vaults, the Frigidarium, the Tepidarium and the Calidarium, and on both sides gymnasiums, vestibules, and dressing-rooms. The Frigidarium was the only non heated room, and represented the last halt on the healthy course, after the gymnasium and the Turkish bath. The heating of the other rooms, in particular of the Tepidarium and of the Calidarium, was assured by lighted hearths in the lower floors, and by the particular nature of the floor, built in order to push hot air through to the rooms above. In the rooms you may admire mosaics and precious marbles, coming from the Roman colonies, for the most part from Asia and Africa.

Caracalla Baths: How to Get There
The entrance to Caracalla Baths is in Viale delle Terme di Caracalla. Public transport lines 714, 671 arrive at the Terme di Caracalla stop. The nearest Rome Metro stop is Circo Massimo (Line B), with a walk about 500 meters down the tree lined Viale delle Terme di Caracalla. 

Caracalla Baths: Opening Hours
From the 1st September 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
From the 1st October to the last Saturday of October from 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
From the last Sunday of October to the 15th of February from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
From the 16th of February to the 15th of March from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.
From the 16th of March to the last Saturday of March from 9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
From the last Sunday of March to the 31st of August from 9:00 a.m. to 7:30 p.m.
Closed on Monday. The ticket-office closes an hour before clo'sing time.
For information tel. 06/39967700.

Caracalla Baths: What to Visit
The Circus Maximus, the Porta Capena Park, the Piramide Cestia, the Colosseum, the Appia Antica are all other sites to visit that you can conveniently work into your visit of the Caracalla Baths.

Caracalla Baths: Accommodation
For some advice on where you can stayt in Rome, you can conslult of guide Hotel in the Center of Rome or B&B Rome Italy.

Caracalla Baths: Where to Eat
You can chose among several Restaurants in Rome where you may take some refreshment after your visit to the Caracalla Baths.

Caracalla Baths: Entertainment
Discover Pubs in Rome for a pleasant night out.

More and different things to come in Caracalla Baths Rome.
 


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